Cusco, former capital of the Inca Empire, proudly carries the title of the Archaeological Capital of America. Cusco, literally means "navel" in the local Quechua language, and certainly still fits this description today, since it is at the center of the Andean culture.
It is the gateway to the city of the Andes, from where you can easily visit innumerable sites, such as the famous Machu Picchu, one of the most fascinating lost cities in the world.
It is located at an elevation of 11,152'(3,399 m). With an area of 76,225 km2, the district of Cusco limits the north with the district of Ucayali, the south with Arequipa and Puno, the east with Madre de Dios and the west with Apurímac, Ayacucho and Junín.
The famous Imperial City of Cusco is known for its archaeological remains and Spanish colonial architecture. Plaza de Armas is the central square of the old city, with arcades, carved wooden balconies and ruins of Inca walls. The baroque Convent of Santo Domingo was built on the Inca Temple of the Sun (Qoricancha), and has archaeological remains of Inca stonework.