The Coffee Axis (El Eje Cafetero)

The Coffee Axis (El Eje Cafetero) is a geographic, cultural, economic and ecological region of Colombia located in the departments of Caldas, Risaralda, Quindío, the North and East of the Cauca Valley, and the Northwest of Tolima, and the capital cities of the first three departments mentioned (Manizales, Pereira and Armenia, respectively). This region was a notable producer of rubber, at the beginning of the 20th century but later it was dedicated to coffee.

 

Due to the cultural importance and the cultural landscape of the Coffee Region, Unesco proceeded to declare this area as a World Heritage Site in 2011, in order to recognize the most representative landscape and culture of that coffee region, to which he called him Coffee Cultural Landscape.

 

The Coffee Axis is located in the center of western Colombia and is part of the Andean region, on the Western and Central Cordilleras.  The climatic conditions are from -8°C (17°F) in the Nevados and to 29°C (84°F) in the Valleys, like Risaralda, (Andean tropical forest), also the geological condition of this region, determine the production of a high quality coffee, with relatively short harvest periods. Farmers in the area have developed techniques for growing, harvesting and processing grain, and all done "grain by grain", and have preserved this way of processing the industry despite the new techniques of mass agricultural industrialization.

Tourism

El Eje Cafetero is one of the most visited tourist areas of Colombia and a must trip that is considered the country of coffee par excellence.

The place owes its bliss to the coffee that has been and is an important product in the development of the Colombian economy and in the welfare of its inhabitants (almost 600,000 families live from this industry in Colombia).

Colombia is the second coffee producing country in the world after Brazil; and the marketing work of the National Federation of Coffee Growers of Colombia has managed to position Colombian coffee as the best coffee in the world, being effectively one of the best according to experts. The region, with the paisa and valluno legacy, has created its own identity of customs around the centuries-old coffee tradition and with it has developed a praiseworthy tourist culture that has become one of the symbols of the country. With a colorful architecture and sui generis, this region offers visitors an unforgettable experience.

The region has developed important theme parks and attractions, becoming the pioneers in Colombia.

Jeep Willys

A curious fact is the massive traditional use of american vehicles Jeep Willys from the Second World War. These Willys can be seen everywhere transporting from people to cargo. This particular tradition has even invented typical local words, such as the "Jeepao" or Yipao, which refers to the amount of things one of these Willys can transport, in the same way as the contents of a sack is called in Colombia "a costalao"(sack full of things).