On 7/7/07, Machu Picchu was announced as one of the 7 New Wonders of the World. Chosen from a field of 21 finalists, this spectacular "Lost City of the Incas" in Peru has been recognized as one of the world's most outstanding archaeological sites. Machu Picchu was constructed around 1450, at the height of the Inca Empire, and was abandoned less than 100 years later, as the empire collapsed under Spanish conquest. Although the citadel is located only about 75 miles from Cusco, the Inca capital, it was never found and destroyed by the Spanish, as were many other Inca sites. It remained 'lost' for over three centuries. It was rediscovered by Hiram Bingham in 1911. It is the most visited tourist attraction in Peru.
The complete list of New Wonders includes: The Great Wall of China, Petra, The Statue of Christ Redeemer, Machu Picchu, Chichén Itzá, The Colosseum and The Taj Mahal.
New7Wonders Foundation is similar to UNESCO in that both organizations promote world heritage and encourage cultural dialogue. The New7Wonders Foundation is a non-profit foundation funded exclusively by its participants and supporters. Through the NewOpenWorld Foundation, it hosted a popular media campaign to choose the New 7 Wonders of the World with the first-ever global election. Over 100 million votes were received. The New7Wonders Foundation is a non-governmental, non-profit foundation structured according to Swiss laws, similar to other international non-governmental organizations registered in Switzerland, such as the International Olympic Committee, the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) or the International Red Cross.